Understanding the Basics of Law

Rule by law

The concept of Rule by law or rule of law entails that the governing authority has the power to apply the law in a fair and predictable manner. However, this principle can be abused, and its effects on freedom are often less than desirable. Governments and other powerful individuals frequently employ Rule by Law to control their citizens and to influence their behavior. The goal is to make society more stable and predictable, while still preserving legality.

Rule by law can be a good thing. For example, it can keep political tensions at bay, and it can encourage people to participate in politics. It can also promote equality by ensuring that no one person has more power than another. The principle of equality is a foundational aspect of rule by law.


There are two main types of law: formal law and informal law. Formal law is created by a formal institution and informal law is derived from common practice or an accepted pattern. These sources include statutes, judicial precedents, and religious beliefs. The difference between formal and informal law is mainly in the content of the law.

Formal law is generally more precise than informal law. The former is characterized by clear definitions and the provision of detailed rules. The latter is less formal and can be more flexible.


Procedural law is a branch of the law that governs the way cases are decided. The purpose of procedural laws is to ensure the fairness and efficiency of the legal system. These laws establish how disputes should be decided, which documents should be submitted and how documents should be obtained before a trial. The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure are an example of procedural law. Procedural laws are the rules used by courts to enforce the rights of individuals and collective bodies.

Procedural laws are separate from substantive laws, which govern original rights and obligations of an individual. They are generally based on common law, statutes, or the constitution. For example, a claim for damages for negligence or breach of contract would follow the substantive law. Procedural laws govern the proceedings in court, and make sure the rules are fair and reasonable.


Substantive law deals with the actual facts of a legal situation. Procedural law, on the other hand, deals with the procedures used to decide whether an appeal is meritorious. These two types of law are often considered complementary, as they can help you make better decisions. Both types of law are rooted in the principles of justice and equal treatment.

Substantive law deals with the relationship between people and the state, while procedural law deals more with procedures that are used to enforce such rights. For instance, in criminal law, substantive law discusses crimes, their punishments, and other aspects of people’s legal relationships with other people and entities. It also defines situations where people may be held liable for their actions.

Legal profession

Career choices are an important part of being successful in the legal profession. Students in the legal profession course are required to attend three career choices sessions. These are sessions where lawyers come to speak to students about the profession. Often, these speakers invite students to informational interviews and dinners. During these sessions, students can ask questions about their desired career path and find out how they can make the process easier for them.

The legal profession has a number of specialized areas. There are attorneys who specialize in criminal law, employment and family law, products liability, and dozens of other areas. In addition, corporate lawyers can specialize in mergers and acquisitions, real estate, finance, and tax law.