Various areas of law are covered in this article. These include civil, maritime, and religious law, as well as international and constitutional law.
Civil law vs common law
Basically, the difference between civil law and common law is in the way in which they are applied. In the common law system, judges are more arbiters than legislators. They apply the law and make rulings based on the arguments presented by each party. In the civil law system, attorneys present evidence to the judge.
The common law system has its origins in the early English monarchy. It was developed by judges who made precedents based on cases of the past. These precedents become the basis for future cases.
Admiralty law vs the sea law
Maritime law and admiralty law can be found in many of the legal areas of the United States. Both cover a wide range of matters related to ships, open water and sea travel. They can be brought in state or federal courts. The terms are used interchangeably in the U.S. court system.
Admiralty law was derived from English law. It originally applied only to torts occurring on the “high seas,” or oceans beyond territorial jurisdiction. In some cases, these cases involved shipowners failing to deliver cargo. The term “high seas” also refers to the oceans beyond the territorial waters of the United States.
International law vs constitutional law
Currently, there is a debate over whether international law is a constitutional law. Some scholars claim that international law is becoming a constitutional order, while others argue that it is not. The question is whether international law is a constitutional law, and how does it function in the context of the domestic constitutional order.
In order to answer this question, we need to identify the differences between constitutional law and international law. International law is a legal system that focuses on relations between states. In order to carry out international obligations, states have to make agreements with other states. Those agreements may involve government agencies or private parties. Unlike constitutional law, international law does not require states to make laws within their own territory.
Environmental law vs the Kyoto Protocol
Developed countries have ratified the Kyoto Protocol, but the United States does not. The United States is the largest emitter of greenhouse gases in the world.
The United States was the largest emitter of greenhouse gases prior to the Kyoto Protocol. At the time, the United States accounted for 20 percent of global emissions. While it did not ratify the Protocol, it did participate in the first round of Kyoto.
The Protocol’s main goal is to control anthropogenic greenhouse gases. It places a higher burden on developed countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions than on developing countries. It also introduces innovative market-based mechanisms to facilitate compliance. However, these mechanisms also place more of a burden on developed countries, and they do not set legally binding limits on emissions.